TOP 10 Types of U.S Employment Visas
Currently the business world lives with a set of challenges and opportunities in constant change that requires adaptive capabilities of a high order and rapid development, even global eventualities such as COVID-19, came to break many of the labor paradigms in which many companies were submerged.
Every day it is more common in every type of industry that job opportunities are made up of people of different nationalities and ethnicities, that is why if you are looking to be part of an organization outside your native country like the United States, know what are the types of visas that exist and the requirements of each one, depending on the work you do.
1.- E-1 Visas for investors.
It is oriented to those people who continuously import or export goods or services between the United States and their native country. Among the most important generalities of this procedure is that the value of your imports and exports must amount to 1 thousand dollars a year, as well as that your country is within the commercial treaty of the U.S. Department of State, which you can consult in the following link: E1 Countries.
2.- E-2 Visas for investors.
Here we find a broader spectrum, in which investors and entrepreneurs who wish to live in the United States and start a business here, or even work for this organization, may apply. Likewise, the first level family could have a legal status in the country, either to work, study or both. One of the most important generalities to apply for this visa is to have a substantial capital investment in a U.S. business and to be in charge of it.
3.- H-1B Visas.
For this visa, specialized jobs, cooperative research with the DOD or development project workers and high fashion demos are the main focus. Eligibility criteria are more specific based on:
Application of the position or job to be performed.
Level of specialization
Meet the requirements as a specialized professional
Academic record validated by the U.S. Department of State.
4.- J-1 Visas for trainees.
Better known as student exchange visas or apprentices, the J-1 visa is intended for those who have already been accepted by a student exchange visitor program, which certifies them as qualified to visit the United States. It is important to make sure that the sponsor of your program is part of the program assigned by the U.S. Department of State.
5.- L Visas for executives.
For those executives and professionals who have been transferred within the same company to managerial positions or positions of highly specialized knowledge. This visa is granted when the aforementioned company requests a petition for authorization for an employee to work and live in the United States. There are specific subclassifications to be known as L-1A or L-1B.
6.- O-1 Visas.
If you present extraordinary ability in categories such as business, education, athletics, arts or sciences, you may apply for this type of visa. Although there are subclassifications such as 1A, 1B, 2 or 3, they are based on your ability to excel in the aforementioned areas, and this process allows you to participate in projects in your field of specialization.
7.- P Visas (athletes and artists).
It is designed for those citizens who need to appear temporarily in the United States in an accredited sports or arts program. Although any citizen who qualifies under this description may apply for it, it is subject to comparable processes for such athletes or artists.
8.- R-1 Visas (religious workers).
As its name indicates, it is oriented to religious workers who need the entrance to the United States to exercise an activity according to their profile. To do so, they must belong to an established non-profit religious organization.
9.- TN / NAFTA Visas (Mexican / Canadian).
Born as part of a trade agreement known as USMCA, it allows Mexican and Canadian citizens to work in the United States. As a general rule, they are granted to employees with a permanent position of at least 3 years.
10.- B-1 Visas.
Basically it is intended for all those citizens who temporarily and for business reasons need to come to the United States, there are 5 basic eligibility criteria for B-1 visas:
Legitimate business reason.
Limited and specific period of time.
Have the necessary funds for travel.
Has a residence outside the U.S. and does not wish to abandon it.
You are admissible to the United States.
Although, there are more types of work visas oriented to very specific specifications, each one has eligibility requirements where our team of specialized attorneys at Ayuda Immigration, can accompany you during the process. It is of utmost importance to hire a firm that has the experience and capacity in the field to avoid hindering your immigration process and to obtain it in a safe and transparent manner.
Our Burbank immigration attorneys are ready to resolve your immigration status once and for all in a safe and efficient manner.